ARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual

ARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual & troubleshooting

ARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 1

ARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’sARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 2

Description

The Arduino® Edge Control board is designed to address the needs of precision farming. It provides a low power control system, suitable for irrigation with modular connectivity. The functionality of this board is expandable with Arduino® MKR Boards to provide additional connectivity.

Target areas

Agriculture measurements, smart irrigation systems, hydroponics

Features

Nina B306 Module

Processor

  • 64 MHz Arm® Cortex®-M4F (with FPU)
  • 1 MB Flash + 256 KB RAM

Wireless

  • Bluetooth (BLE 5 via Cordio® stack) Advertising Extensions
  • 95 dBm sensitivity
  • 4.8 mA in TX (0 dBm)
  • 4.6 mA in RX (1 Mbps)

Peripherals

  • Full-speed 12 Mbps USB
  • Arm® CryptoCell® CC310 security subsystem QSPI/SPI/TWI/I²S/PDM/QDEC
  • High speed 32 MHz SPI
  • Quad SPI interface 32 MHz
  • 12-bit 200 ksps ADC
  • 128 bit AES/ECB/CCM/AAR co-processor

Memory

  • 1 MB internal Flash memory
  • 2MB onboard QSPI
  • SD Card slot

Power

  • Low Power
  • 200uA Sleep current
  • Can operate for up to 34 months on a 12V/5Ah battery
  • 12 V Acid/lead SLA Battery Supply (Recharged via solar panels) RTC CR2032 Lithium Battery back up

Battery

  • LT3652 Solar Panel Battery Charger
  • Input Supply Voltage Regulation Loop for Peak Power Tracking in (MPPT) Solar applications

I/O

  • 6x edge sensitive wake up pins
  • 16x hydrostatic watermark sensor input
  • 8x 0-5V analog inputs
  • 4x 4-20mA inputs
  • 8x latching relay command outputs with drivers
  • 8x latching relay command outputs without drivers
  • 4x 60V/2.5A galvanically isolated solid state relays
  • 6x 18 pin plug in terminal block connectors

Dual MKR Socket

  • Individual power control
  • Individual Serial Port
  • Individual I2C ports

Safety information

  • Class A

The Board

Application Examples
The Arduino® Edge Control is your gateway to Agriculture 4.0. Get real-time insight into the state of your process and increase crop yield. Improve business efficiency through automation and predictive farming. Tailor the Edge Control to your needs by using up two Arduino® MKR Boards and an assortment of compatible Shields. Maintain historical records, automate quality control, implement crop planning, and more through the Arduino IoT Cloud from anywhere in the world.
Automated Greenhouses
In order to minimize carbon emissions and increase economic yield, it is important to ensure that the best environment is provided for the growth of crops in terms of humidity, temperature, and other factors. The Arduino® Edge Control is an integrated platform that enables remote monitoring and real-time optimization to this end. Including an Arduino® MKR GPS Shield (SKU: ASX00017) allows for optimum crop rotation planning and acquisition of geospatial data.
Hydroponics/Aquaponics
Since hydroponics involves the growth of plants without soil, delicate care must be maintained to ensure they maintain the narrow window required for optimum growth. The Arduino Edge Control can ensure that this window is achieved with minimal manual labor. Aquaponics can provide even more benefits than conventional hydroponics towards which the Arduino®’s Edge Control can help match the even higher requirements by providing better control over the internal process while ultimately reducing production risks.
Mushroom Cultivation: Mushrooms are notorious for requiring the perfect temperature and humidity conditions to sustain spore growth while also preventing competing fungi from growing. Thanks to the numerous watermark sensors, output ports, and connectivity options available on the Arduino® Edge Control as well as the Arduino® IoT Cloud, this precision farming can be achieved on an unprecedented level

Accessories.

  • Irrometer Tensiometers
  • Watermark soil moisture sensors
  • Mechanized ball valves
  • Solar panel
  • 12V/5Ah acid/lead SLA battery (11 – 13.3V)

Related Products

  • LCD Display + Flat Cable + plastic enclosure
  • 1844646 Phoenix contacts (included with the product)
  • Arduino® MKR family boards (for expanding wireless connectivity)

Solution OverviewARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 3

Example of a typical application for a solution including LCD Display and two Arduino® MKR 1300 boards.

Ratings

Absolute Maximum Ratings

Symbol Description Min Typ Max Unit
TMax Maximum thermal limit -40 20 85 °C
VBattMax Maximum input voltage from battery input -0.3 12 17 V
VSolarMax Maximum input voltage from solar panel -20 18 20 V
ARelayMax Maximum current through relay switch 2.4 A
PMax Maximum Power Consumption 5000 mW

Recommended Operating Conditions

Symbol Description Min Typ Max Unit
T Conservative thermal limits -15 20 60 °C
VBatt Input voltage from battery input 12 V
VSolar Input voltage from solar panel 16 18 20 V

Functional Overview

Board Topology

Top ViewARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 4

Ref. Description Ref. Description
U1 LT3652HV battery charger IC J3,7,9,8,10,11 1844798 pluggable terminal blocks
U2 MP2322 3.3V buck converter IC LED1 On board LED
U3 MP1542 19V boost converter IC PB1 Reset pushbutton
U4 TPS54620 5V boost converter IC J6 Micro SD Card
U5 CD4081BNSR AND gate IC J4 CR2032 battery holder
U6 CD40106BNSR NOT gate IC J5 Micro USB (NINA Module)
U12,U17 MC14067BDWG multiplexer IC U8 TCA6424A IO expander IC
U16 CD40109BNSRG4 I/O Expander U9 NINA-B306 Module
U18,19,20,21 TS13102 solid state relay IC U10 ADR360AUJZ-R2 Voltage reference series 2.048V IC

ARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 5

Ref. Description Ref. Description
U11 W25Q16JVZPIQ Flash 16M IC Q3 ZXMP4A16GTA MOSFET P-CH 40V 6.4A
U7 CD4081BNSR AND gate IC U14, 15 MC14067BDWG IC MUX

Processor

The Main Processor is a Cortex M4F running at up to 64MHz.

LCD ScreenARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 6

The Arduino® Edge Control provides a dedicated connector (J1) for interfacing with a HD44780 16×2 LCD display module, sold separately. The main processor controls the LCD via a TCA6424 port expander over I2C. Data is transferred over a 4-bit interface. LCD backlight intensity is also adjustable by the main processor.

5V Analog SensorsARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 7

Up to eight 0-5V analog inputs can be connected to J4 for interfacing analog sensors such as tensiometers and dendrometers. Inputs are protected by a 19V Zener diode. Each input is connected to an analog multiplexer that channels the signal to a single ADC port. Each input is connected to an analog multiplexer (MC14067) that channels the signal to a single ADC port. The main processor controls the input selection via a TCA6424 port expander over I2C.

4-20mA SensorsARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 8

Up to four 4-20mA sensors can be connected to J4. A reference voltage of 19V is generated by the MP1542 step-up converter to power the current loop. The sensor value is read via a 220 ohm resistor. Each input is connected to an analog multiplexer (MC14067) that channels the signal to a single ADC port. The main processor controls the input selection via a TCA6424 port expander over I2C.

Watermark SensorsARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 9

Up to sixteen hydrostatic watermark sensors can be connected to J8. Pins J8-17 and J8-18 are the common sensor pins for all the sensors, controlled directly by the microcontroller. Inputs and the common sensor pins are protected by a 19V Zener diode. Each input is connected to an analog multiplexer (MC14067) that channels the signal to a single ADC port. The main processor controls the input selection via a TCA6424 port expander over I2C. The board supports 2 precision modes.

Latching Outputs

Connectors J9 and J10 provide outputs to latching devices like motorized valves. The latching output consists of dual channels (P and N) through which an impulse or strobe can be sent in either of the 2 channels (to open a close valve for example). The duration of the strobes can be configured to adjust to the external device requirement. The board provides a total of 16 latching ports divided in 2 types:

  • Latching commands (J10): 8 ports for high impedance inputs ( max +/- 25 mA). Connect to external devices with third-party protection/power circuits. Referenced to VBAT.
  • ARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 10
  • Latching Out (J9): 8 ports. This outputs includes drivers for the latching device. No external drivers are needed. Referenced to VBAT.ARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 11

Solid State Relays

The board features four configurable 60V 2.5A solid state relays with galvanic isolation available in J11. Typical applications include HVAC, sprinkler control etc.ARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 12

Storage

The board includes both a microSD card socket and an additional 2MB flash memory for data storage. Both are directly connected to the main processor via a SPI interface.

Power TreeARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 13

The board can be powered via solar panels and/or SLA batteries.

Board Operation

Getting Started – IDE

If you want to program your Arduino® Edge Control while offline you need to install the Arduino® Desktop IDE [1] To connect the Arduino® Edge control to your computer, you’ll need a Micro-B USB cable. This also provides power to the board, as indicated by the LED.

Getting Started – Arduino Web Editor

All Arduino® boards, including this one, work out-of-the-box on the Arduino® Web Editor [2], by just installing a simple plugin. The Arduino® Web Editor is hosted online, therefore it will always be up-to-date with the latest features and support for all boards. Follow [3] to start coding on the browser and upload your sketches onto your board.

Getting Started – Arduino IoT Cloud

All Arduino® IoT enabled products are supported on Arduino® IoT Cloud which allows you to Log, graph and analyze sensor data, trigger events, and automate your home or business.

Sample Sketches

Sample sketches for the Arduino® Edge Control can be found either in the “Examples” menu in the Arduino® IDE or in the “Documentation” section of the Arduino® Pro website [4]

Online Resources

Now that you have gone through the basics of what you can do with the board you can explore the endless possibilities it provides by checking exciting projects on ProjectHub [5], the Arduino® Library Reference [6] and the online store [7] where you will be able to complement your board with sensors, actuators and more.

Board Recovery

All Arduino® boards have a built-in bootloader which allows flashing the board via USB. In case a sketch locks up the processor and the board is not reachable anymore via USB it is possible to enter bootloader mode by double-tapping the reset button right after power up.

Connector Pinouts

J1 LCD Connector

Pin Function Type Description
1 PWM Power Backlight LED Cathode (PWM control)
2 Power On Digital Button input
3 +5V LCD Power LCD power supply
4 LCD RS Digital LCD RS signal
5 Contrast Analog LCD Contrast control
6 LCD RW Digital LCD Read/Write signal
7 LED+ Power Backlight LED Anode
8 LCD EN Digital LCD Enable signal
10 LCD D4 Digital LCD D4 signal
12 LCD D5 Digital LCD D5 signal
14 LCD D6 Digital LCD D6 signal
16 LCD D7 Digital LCD D7 signal
9,11,13,15 GND Power Ground

J3 Wake up signals/External Relay Commands

Pin Function Type Description
1,3,5,7,9 V BAT Power Gated voltage battery for wake up signal reference
2,4,6,8,10,12 Input Digital Edge sensitive wake up signals
13 Output Digital External solid state relay clock signal 1
14 Output Digital External solid state relay clock signal 2
17 Bidir Digital External solid state relay data signal 1
18 Bidir Digital External solid state relay data signal 2
15,16 GND Power Ground

J5 USB

Pin Function Type Description
1 VUSB Power Power Supply Input Note: A board powered only via V USB will not enable most of the features of the board. Check the power tree in Section 3.8
2 D- Differential USB differential data –
3 D+ Differential USB differential data +
4 ID NC Unused
5 GND Power Ground

J7 Analog/4-20mA

Pin Function Type Description
1,3,5,7 +19V Power 4-20mA voltage reference
2 IN1 Analog 4-20mA input 1
4 IN2 Analog 4-20mA input 2
6 IN3 Analog 4-20mA input 3
8 IN4 Analog 4-20mA input 4
9 GND Power Ground
10 +5V Power 5V output for 0-5V analog reference
11 A5 Analog 0-5V input 5
12 A1 Analog 0-5V input 1
13 A6 Analog 0-5V input 6
14 A2 Analog 0-5V input 2
15 A7 Analog 0-5V input 7
16 A3 Analog 0-5V input 3
17 A8 Analog 0-5V input 8
18 A4 Analog 0-5V input 4

J8 Watermark

Pin Function Type Description
1 WaterMrk1 Analog Watermark input 1
2 WaterMrk2 Analog Watermark input 2
3 WaterMrk3 Analog Watermark input 3
4 WaterMrk4 Analog Watermark input 4
5 WaterMrk5 Analog Watermark input 5
6 WaterMrk6 Analog Watermark input 6
7 WaterMrk7 Analog Watermark input 7
8 WaterMrk8 Analog Watermark input 8
9 WaterMrk9 Analog Watermark input 9
10 WaterMrk10 Analog Watermark input 10
11 WaterMrk11 Analog Watermark input 11
12 WaterMrk12 Analog Watermark input 12
13 WaterMrk13 Analog Watermark input 13
14 WaterMrk14 Analog Watermark input 14
Pin Function Type Description
15 WaterMrk15 Analog Watermark input 15
16 WaterMrk16 Analog Watermark input 16
17,18 VCOMMON Digital Sensor common voltage

J9 Latching Out (+/- VBAT)

Pin Function Type Description
1 PULSE_OUT0_P Digital Latching output 1 positive
2 PULSE_OUT0_N Digital Latching output 1 negative
3 PULSE_OUT1_P Digital Latching output 2 positive
4 PULSE_OUT1_N Digital Latching output 2 negative
5 PULSE_OUT2_P Digital Latching output 3 positive
6 PULSE_OUT2_N Digital Latching output 3 negative
7 PULSE_OUT3_P Digital Latching output 4 positive
8 PULSE_OUT3_N Digital Latching output 4 negative
9 PULSE_OUT4_P Digital Latching output 5 positive
10 PULSE_OUT4_N Digital Latching output 5 negative
11 PULSE_OUT5_P Digital Latching output 6 positive
12 PULSE_OUT5_N Digital Latching output 6 negative
13 PULSE_OUT6_P Digital Latching output 7 positive
14 PULSE_OUT6_N Digital Latching output 7 negative
15 PULSE_OUT7_P Digital Latching output 8 positive
16 PULSE_OUT7_N Digital Latching output 8 negative
17,18 GND Power Ground

J10 Latching Command (+/- VBAT)

Pin Function Type Description
1 STOBE8_P Digital Latching command 1 positive
2 STOBE8_N Digital Latching command 1 negative
3 STOBE9_P Digital Latching command 2 positive
4 STOBE9_N Digital Latching command 2 negative
5 STOBE10_P Digital Latching command 3 positive
6 STOBE10_N Digital Latching command 3 negative
7 STOBE11_P Digital Latching command 4 positive
8 STOBE11_N Digital Latching command 4 negative
9 STOBE12_N Digital Latching command 5 positive
10 STOBE12_P Digital Latching command 5 negative
11 STOBE13_P Digital Latching command 6 positive
12 STOBE13_N Digital Latching command 6 negative
13 STOBE14_P Digital Latching command 7 positive
14 STOBE14_N Digital Latching command 7 negative
15 STOBE15_P Digital Latching command 8 positive
16 STOBE15_N Digital Latching command 8 negative
Pin Function Type Description
17 GATED_VBAT_PULSE Power Gated Positive terminal of battery
18 GND Power Ground

J11 Relay (+/- VBAT)

Pin Function Type Description
1 SOLAR+ Power Solar Panel Positive Terminal
2 NC NC Unused
3 GND Power Ground
4 RELAY1_P Switch Relay 1 positive
5 NC NC Unused
6 RELAY1_N Switch Relay 1 negative
7 NC NC Unused
8 RELAY2_P Switch Relay 2 positive
9 NC NC Unused
10 RELAY2_N Switch Relay 2 negative
11 10kGND Power Ground via 10k resistor
12 RELAY3_P Switch Relay 3 positive
13 NTC Analog Negative temperature coefficient (NTC) thermoresistor
14 RELAY3_N Switch Relay 3 negative
15 GND Power Ground
16 RELAY4_P Switch Relay 4 positive
17 BATTERY+ Power Battery Positive Terminal
18 RELAY4_N Switch Relay 4 negative

Mechanical Information

Board OutlineARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 14

Mounting HolesARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 15

Connector PositionsARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 16

Certifications

We declare under our sole responsibility that the products above are in conformity with the essential requirements of the following EU Directives and therefore qualify for free movement within markets comprising the European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA).

Declaration of Conformity to EU RoHS & REACH 211 01/19/2021

Arduino boards are in compliance with RoHS 2 Directive 2011/65/EU of the European Parliament and RoHS 3 Directive 2015/863/EU of the Council of 4 June 2015 on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment.

Substance Maximum Limit (ppm)
Lead (Pb) 1000
Cadmium (Cd) 100
Mercury (Hg) 1000
Hexavalent Chromium (Cr6+) 1000
Poly Brominated Biphenyls (PBB) 1000
Poly Brominated Diphenyl ethers (PBDE) 1000
Bis(2-Ethylhexyl} phthalate (DEHP) 1000
Benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP) 1000
Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) 1000
Diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP) 1000

Exemptions : No exemptions are claimed.
Arduino Boards are fully compliant with the related requirements of European Union Regulation (EC) 1907 /2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH). We declare none of the SVHCs (https://echa.europa.eu/web/guest/candidate-list-table), the Candidate List of Substances of Very High Concern for authorization currently released by ECHA, is present in all products (and also package) in quantities totaling in a concentration equal or above 0.1%. To the best of our knowledge, we also declare that our products do not contain any of the substances listed on the “Authorization List” (Annex XIV of the REACH regulations) and Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC) in any significant amounts as specified by the Annex XVII of Candidate list published by ECHA (European Chemical Agency) 1907 /2006/EC.

Conflict Minerals Declaration
As a global supplier of electronic and electrical components, Arduino is aware of our obligations with regards to laws and regulations regarding Conflict Minerals, specifically the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, Section 1502. Arduino does not directly source or process conflict minerals such as Tin, Tantalum, Tungsten, or Gold. Conflict minerals are contained in our products in the form of solder, or as a component in metal alloys. As part of our reasonable due diligence Arduino has contacted component suppliers within our supply chain to verify their continued compliance with the regulations. Based on the information received thus far we declare that our products contain Conflict Minerals sourced from conflict-free areas.

FCC Caution

Any Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

  1. This device may not cause harmful interference
  2.  this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

FCC RF Radiation Exposure Statement:

  1.  This Transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
  2.  This equipment complies with RF radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment.
  3.  This equipment should be installed and operated with minimum distance 20cm between the radiator & your body.

English: User manuals for license-exempt radio apparatus shall contain the following or equivalent notice in a conspicuous location in the user manual or alternatively on the device or both. This device complies with Industry Canada license-exempt RSS standard(s). Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

  1.  this device may not cause interference
  2. this device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause undesired operation of the device.

IC SAR Warning
English This equipment should be installed and operated with minimum distance 20 cm between the radiator and your body.
Important: The operating temperature of the EUT can’t exceed 85℃ and shouldn’t be lower than -40℃.

Frequency bands Maximum output power (ERP)
2402-2480Mhz 3.35 dBm

Hereby, Arduino S.r.l. declares that this product is in compliance with essential requirements and other relevant provisions of Directive 201453/EU. This product is allowed to be used in all EU member states.

Company Information

Company name Arduino S.r.l.
Company Address Via Andrea Appiani 25, 20900 Monza, Italy

Reference Documentation

Ref Link
Arduino® IDE (Desktop) https://www.arduino.cc/en/Main/Software
Arduino® IDE (Cloud) https://create.arduino.cc/editor
Arduino® Cloud IDE Getting Started https://create.arduino.cc/projecthub/Arduino_Genuino/getting-started-with- arduino-web-editor-4b3e4a
Arduino® Pro Website https://www.arduino.cc/pro
Project Hub https://create.arduino.cc/projecthub?by=part&part_id=11332&sort=trending
Library Reference https://github.com/bcmi- labs/Arduino_EdgeControl/tree/4dad0d95e93327841046c1ef80bd8b882614eac8
Online Store https://store.arduino.cc/

Change log

Date Revision Changes
21/02/2020 1 First Release
04/05/2021 2 Design/structure update
30/12/2021 3 Information updates

References

FAQ


Setting up ARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual is easy with these step-by-step instructions. Follow the steps are you are set-up in no time.

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Is ARDUINO AKX00034 Edge Control Owner’s Manual stuck or not working properly? By resetting it you can set it back to the standard settings and everything should be back to normal. This works in many cases when problems arise.

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