General Aire GF-1099LHS/LHD Humidifier Owner’s Manual

General Aire GF-1099LHS/LHD Humidifier Owner’s Manual & troubleshooting

General Aire GF-1099LHS/LHD Humidifier Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 1

General Aire GF-1099LHS/LHD Humidifier

General Aire GF-1099LHS/LHD Humidifier Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 2

Specifications

  • Model: GF-1099LHS Legacy Flow-Through Humidifier
  •  Type: Flow-Through
  •  GPD: 19 Based on 120° F Plenum Temperature
  •  Warranty: 5 Years
  •  Replacement Vapor Pad®: GF-GA23 (Replace 1-2 times per season)
  •  Dimensions: 16” W x 16” H x 12-1/4” D
  •  Weight: 15 Lbs.
  •  Home Size: To 3,000 Sq. Ft.
  •  Installation: Warm Air Plenum / Right or Left
  •  Plenum Opening: 14-1/8” W X 12” H
  •  Bypass Duct: 7” (7″ Flexible Bypass is not included in box and is field supplied by contractor)
  •  Pallet Qty: 16
  •  Cabinet Construction: UV-Stable Automotive Grade Plastic
  •  Humidistat: Models: GF-MHX3 (Included with model GF-1099LHS)
  •  Voltage: 24V
  •  In The Box: Humidifier, humidistat, installation instructions, Vapor Pad®, parts kit, saddle valve, 7″ connecting collar, 24V transformer

General Aire GF-1099LHS/LHD Humidifier Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 3

Unit Location
WARNING: Disconnect electrical power before beginning installation.

  •  Do not install where temperatures fall below 32° F or where plenum temperatures exceed 200° F. For maximum evaporative capacity, install this humidifier on the warm air supply plenum.
  •  INSTALLATION: For installation on a vertical surface of the warm air plenum of any forced air furnace.

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Additional Materials That May Be Necessary

  1.  1/4″ Diameter plastic supply tubing for cold water applications, or 1/4″ copper supply tubing for hot water applications
  2.  7″ Diameter galvanized by-pass pipe
  3.  Electrical wire and wire nuts
  4.  Current sensing relay Model GF-GA50 suggested

Installation

  1.  Select location on the vertical surface of warm or return air plenum for a mounting humidifier. Tape mounting template in place making sure the template is level. Do not install humidifier or 7″ bypass pipe where the blanked off ends of a cooling coil will restrict airflow to the humidifier. Extend horizontal centerline from template to the adjacent plenum. Scribe 7” circle 10” to 15” from side of humidifier, on cabinet centerline, using the connecting collar as a guide.General Aire GF-1099LHS/LHD Humidifier Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 5
  2.  Cut out the center section of template and 7” hole. A humidifier is self-retaining. Slide top side in first, then slide chassis down. Level chassis and install two center screws. If bypass pipe installs to opposite side of chassis, bend clip on side discharge, remove side discharge, and reinstall discharge to opposite side of chassis. Install remaining six screws. Insert Vapor Pad® assembly, with black patch of Vapor Pad® on top.General Aire GF-1099LHS/LHD Humidifier Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 6
  3.  Connect the by-pass pipe to collar and humidifier cabinet. Using holes at top and bottom of side panel discharge, pierce 2 self-tapping screws through the bypass pipe.General Aire GF-1099LHS/LHD Humidifier Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 7

Installation

Copper Pipe:

  1.  Retract piercing pin into valve body by turning handle counterclockwise.
  2.  Screw valve body into upper bracket and tighten.
  3.  Place rubber gasket over the piercing pin.
  4.  Assemble saddle valve over copper pipe using enclosed screws, nuts and lower bracket.
  5.  Tighten screws evenly and firmly. Brackets should be parallel.
  6.  Complete compression connection to saddle valve outlet.
  7.  Turn handle clockwise to pierce tubing and close saddle valve.
  8. Turn the handle counterclockwise to open saddle valve, leave open for several seconds to flush dirt from pipe and tubing.

Steel, Brass or Hard Plastic Pipe:

  1.  Shut off water supply and drain pipe.
  2.  Turn the handle clockwise to expose piercing pin and close saddle valve.
  3. Place rubber gasket over piercing pin.
  4.  Drill 1/8″ hole in pipe using a hand crank drill to avoid shock hazard.
  5.  Assemble saddle valve over steel, brass or hard plastic pipe using enclosed screws, nuts and lower bracket.
  6.  Tighten screws evenly and firmly. Brackets should be parallel.
  7. Complete compression connection to saddle valve outlet.
  8.  Turn handle counterclockwise to open saddle valve, leave open for several seconds to flush dirt from pipe and tubing.

Threaded Pipe Fittings:

  1.  Turn handle clockwise to expose piercing pin and close saddle valve.
  2.  Seal valve body threads using pipe tape or sealant.
  3.  Install valve into 1/8″ NPT fitting.
  4.  Complete compression connection to saddle valve outlet.
  5. Turn handle counterclockwise to open saddle valve, leave open for several seconds to flush dirt from pipe and tubing.

Install the copper or plastic tubing.
Connect 1/4” O.D. tubing to the saddle valve. Copper tubing requires a brass compression nut and brass sleeve. Plastic tubing requires a brass insert inside the tubing, a plastic sleeve on the outside with a brass compression nut. See figure to right.

General Aire GF-1099LHS/LHD Humidifier Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 8

Connect 1/4″ water supply tube to brass filter at inlet of solenoid.

Wiring the Control

General Aire GF-1099LHS/LHD Humidifier Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 9

Connect drain hose to 1/2″ spout on humidifier cabinet using hose clamp if necessary. Run 1/2″ hose to suitable drain such as floor drain, sewer or laundry sink. CAUTION: Be sure hose has continuous slope and is not kinked at any point.

  1.  Turn on water supply and check operation of humidifier. Set humidistat to a demand setting. With the furnace off, the solenoid valve should be closed. Start the furnace, the solenoid valve should open when the blower or burner circuit is energized. Check flow of water through distributor trough and evaporator pad. The standard Orange orifice GF-GA4299 will supply approximately 4.75 GPH of water at a line water pressure of 60 psi. For low water pressures (20-40 psi) a larger Blue orifice GF-GA4232 is available to provide the same flow. Leave humidistat set at the recommended setting.General Aire GF-1099LHS/LHD Humidifier Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 10

How the Humidifier Works

  •  The operating principle of the humidifier is based on the most efficient and economical means of evaporating water to the air. The humidifier uses only 2.5 watts of electrical power during operation, less than the smallest household light bulb. The heat necessary for evaporating water is produced by the furnace. The water supply to the humidifier is controlled by the electric solenoid valve. The humidistat connected in series with the solenoid provides low voltage control of the humidifier. The humidistat is designed for wall mounting in the living area or surface mounting on the return air duct.
  •  Water flows through a strainer, is metered through an orifice to provide the proper amount of water, and is supplied to the Vapor Pad® by the distributor trough. Approximately 200 CFM of air is bypassed from the warm air plenum through the humidifier and returned to the cold air plenum. Moisture is evaporated to the air passing through the Vapor Pad®.
  •  Minerals are not blown into the air stream as occurs in atomizing humidifiers; they are left on the Vapor Pad® where a high percentage is carried off with the waste water.
  •  When the humidifier is installed and operating, no adjustments are necessary other than setting the control knob on the humidistat to the desired level of humidification. Set knob on the humidifier to the “HI” or “WINTER” position. To turn the humidifier off, close the water supply valve, switch electrical power off and turn the humidistat off. If furnace is used for summer cooling or ventilating set air damper on “LOW” or “SUMMER”.

CAUTION: Do not set relative humidity too high during cold weather. Excessive humidity may cause condensation on windows or in walls. Refer to recommended settings as described in the humidistat owners manual.

General Aire GF-1099LHS/LHD Humidifier Owner’s Manual  & troubleshooting 11

Maintenance

Your Humidifier is engineered to give helpful and trouble-free humidification. For maximum efficiency the following cleaning procedures should be carried out at the end of each heating season:

  1.  Turn off water supply and electrical power to humidifier.
  2.  Remove cover, water distributor trough, Vapor Pad®, pad rails and drain pan. Clean excessive mineral deposits from the distributor trough, drain pan, pad rails and humidifier cabinet. A solution of 1/2 vinegar & 1/2 water will help loosen mineral deposits. Inspect drain hose, clean or replace as necessary.
  3.  Insert a new GF-GA23 Vapor Pad® (black notch on top). Install trough, pad rails and drain pan. Replace cover, reconnect electrical plug. Replace Vapor Pad® yearly for peak performance.
  4.  In heavy mineral areas, or if the solenoid valve fails to function, disconnect the 1/4” water supply line from the solenoid valve. Carefully pull the strainer screen from the valve body. Clean the mineral deposits from all parts. If the orifice is clogged, it may be opened by inserting a small pin. Reinsert the filter into the valve body.
  5.  Reconnect the 1/4” water line to the solenoid valve if necessary. Turn on the water supply and check all points for leakage. The operation of the unit may be checked by starting the furnace. The humidifier operates only when the furnace blower is running or the burner circuit is energized. The humidifier is now ready for operation.
  6.  During the summer, turn off water supply and electrical power to humidifier.

Parts Drawing

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Humidifier Chassis Duct Cut Out

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Troubleshooting

  1.  My humidifier continues to run.
    • Check for the following:
    •  The valve might be stuck in the “open” position.
    •  Check for wiring errors.
    •  Is the unit sized properly for your home? If it is rated for a smaller-sized home than the home in which it is installed, it will work “overtime” to reach the humidification levels desired.
    •  Check the Vapor Pad®. If it is clogged, the pad will reduce the humidifier efficiency. Replace if necessary.
  2.  My solenoid valve is making a “chatter” noise.
    • This can be caused by any of the following:
    •  The power to the valve is less than 18V AC.
    •  The solenoid is causing a “water hammer condition” thru the water pipes (valve closes quickly and shuts off water flow, which in turn creates pressure behind the valve that has no avenue of relief). You may want to install a water hammering device with your plumbing, or contact your local plumber to determine the best solution.
    •  The humidistat is located too close to the humidifier or the by-pass pipe. Your humidistat should be a min. of 1.5′ away or greater.
    •  The humidistat could have a buildup of dust, causing a faulty reading.
    •  The solenoid valve might be dirty. Remove, inspect and clean if necessary.
    •  Water supply pressure going to the valve may be too low.
    •  The hold down nut on top of the solenoid, as it may be loose.
  3.  The humidifier is not raising the humidity levels in my home.
    Check for the following:
    •  Ensure you have changed/replaced your Vapor Pad® at the proper intervals (once per year) to ensure the greatest production of moisture
    •  Check the setting of your humidistat to ensure it is set higher than current humidity levels in your home (when in doubt, turn it all the way to the right at maximum production). If you don’t know what your current humidity level is, use an instrument called a thermohygrometer (Model GF-610 suggested) to measure both heat and humidity levels in your home.
    •  Check to see that your humidifier model is designed to produce the amount of moisture (GPD) you need.
    •  Have you recently installed hardwood floors? Have you recently remodeled and added on to your home? These can both increase your home’s demand for humidity. Options include connecting your humidifier to the hot water supply (which can increase output by as much as 30%), or installing a new humidifier model that can generate more humidity.
    •  The unit is not recommended for heat pumps or plenum temperatures < 120° F.
  4.  My humidifier will not turn on.
    The following might be occurring:
    •  Check to see your humidifier is plugged in, that the breaker is engaged, and that power to other items from the
      the same source is working.
    •  Check the on/off switch to be sure it is in the O (Open / Summer) position.
    •  Ensure a fuse has not blown.
    •  Check that connector are properly inserted in the terminal block.
    •  Make sure the furnace is operating in heat mode

FAQ’s

  1.  How does a humidifier help with my allergies?
    Dry air can lead to a host of problems for allergy and asthma sufferers. Dry climates, winter air, and artificial heat all contribute to the discomfort by drying out your skin, throat and delicate sinus passages and airways (which can contribute to sinusitis). Winter is an especially bad time for dry air as home heating systems, especially forced-air systems, reduce the amount of moisture in the air while humidity levels outdoors typically dip as well.
  2.  What range of humidity is ideal?
    Research shows that 40-60% relative humidity is ideal. Outside this range, your risk of being adversely affected increases.
  3.  How often should I change my Vapor Pad®?
    We recommend replacing your Vapor Pad® at least once per year. Minerals build up on the vapor pad over time, which in turn:
    •  Reduces the pad’s ability to absorb water.
    •  Prevents the warm air from flowing through the pad (Warm air moving though the water-soaked pad causes the water in the pad to evaporate. It is this process that delivers moisture throughout your home via the home’s duct system).
  4.  Can’t I simply clean my Vapor Pad® instead of replacing it?
    At the factory we put a coating on the Vapor Pad® that helps it absorb water and control water flow. This coating is very efficient, however, it is also fragile. The coating is similar in composition to the minerals that accumulate on the pad. If you subject the Vapor Pad® to cleaning, you usually remove much of the coating and the pad becomes ineffective. This reduces the output of the humidifier and increases water consumption. Instead we recommend the Vapor Pad® be replaced each year.
  5.  Why would I want to install a humidifier?
    For many reasons:
    1.  Since the air in your home is always trying to reach its saturation point, it will absorb water wherever it can; from the bodies of you and your children, your pets, your furniture and even your house plants. As a result your skin, throat and nasal passages dry out, leaving you more susceptible to physical discomfort, colds, flu and even infection. Allergy and asthma sufferers can be especially affected by air that’s too dry.
    2. Dry air causes dry, itchy skin.
    3.  Dry air cracks expensive woodwork, floors, musical instruments, artwork and furnishings.
    4.  Annoying static electricity (caused by dry air) can damage computers, VCR’s and other electronic equipment, requiring expensive repair
    5.  Dry air can cause harm to expensive musical instruments like pianos and violins.
    6.  Dry air causes gaps in window & door frames, letting cold outdoor air in; causing you to turn up the heat and increasing your heating bills! Controlled humidity from a GeneralAire® Humidifier allows you the luxury of dialing the thermostat back & reducing annual heating bills. For example, 68° at 40% relative humidity feels just as warm as 74° at 20% humidity. Setting your thermostat back by as little as three degrees can reduce annual heating bills by as much as 5%.

FAQ


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